The Ordnance Board of 1841 drew up the design for this gun, which is one of the most common of all the artillery pieces of the Civil War. Originally a smooth bore, many were rifled to fire the James projectile, and are sometimes erroneously referred to as James Rifles. The smooth bore had certain advantages over the rifle; in the wooded terrain of the typical Civil War battlefield, range was less important than rate of fire, weight of shot, and the ability to fire canister. *Carriage not included*
The Napoleon was commissioned by Louis Napoleon of France to replace several cannons in similar sizes. In 1857 Ames Manufacturing Company produced the first of several variations of this design. Some were made with handles, and muzzels were made both with and without a swell. *Carriage not included*
The Spanish Howitzer , in Silhouette, is uniform. That is, it is a cylinder and marked only by reinforcing band, trunion assembly and cascable. The firearm was used on shipboard to set fire to an enemy’s sails.
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With its distinctive eye at the cascable, the U.S. Carronade was considered the logical sea cannon. It was easily secured for controlled recoil. The loop also made rapid dock-to-ship transfer of the weapon safer and quicker. The stout U.S. Carronade is physically shorter than many of the cannons of its time. This design reflects tight shipboard quarters and allowed fast relocating in the space provided. Trunnions are below center. *Carriage not included*